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Nickel (Ni) Sputtering Targets

Overview

Our comprehensive offering of sputtering targets, evaporation sources and other deposition materials is listed by material throughout the website. Below you will find budgetary pricing for sputtering targets and deposition materials per your requirements. Actual prices may vary due to market fluctuations. Contact international@lesker.com for current pricing or for a quote on sputtering targets and other deposition products not listed.


General

Nickel is a hard, lustrous, silvery-white metal. It has a density of 8.91 g/cc, a melting point of 1,453°C, and a vapor pressure of 10-4 Torr at 1,262°C. Its key characteristics are malleability, ductility, and ferromagnetism and its polished surface resists tarnishing when exposed to air. It is the second most abundant element in earth's core next to iron. It is mainly used to make stainless steel, coins, and batteries. It can also be found in jewelry, but its presence has decreased due to skin allergies. When evaporated in vacuum, nickel can form a decorative coating on ceramic surfaces or a solder layer in circuit device fabrication. It is often sputtered to form layers in the production of magnetic storage media, fuel cells, and sensors.


Specifications

Material TypeNickel †
SymbolNi
Atomic Weight58.6934
Atomic Number28
Color/AppearanceLustrous, Metallic, Silvery Tinge
Thermal Conductivity91 W/m.K
Melting Point (°C)1,453
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion13.4 x 10-6/K
Theoretical Density (g/cc)8.91
FerromagneticMagnetic Material
Z Ratio0.331
SputterDC
Max Power Density*
(Watts/Square Inch)
50
CommentsAlloys with W/Ta/Mo. Smooth adherent films.

* This is a recommendation based on our experience running these materials in KJLC guns. The ratings are based on unbonded targets and are material specific. Bonded targets should be run at lower powers to prevent bonding failures. Bonded targets should be run at 20 Watts/Square Inch or lower, depending on the material.


Z-Factors

Empirical Determination of Z-Factor

Unfortunately, Z Factor and Shear Modulus are not readily available for many materials. In this case, the Z-Factor can also be determined empirically using the following method:

  • Deposit material until Crystal Life is near 50%, or near the end of life, whichever is sooner.
  • Place a new substrate adjacent to the used quartz sensor.
  • Set QCM Density to the calibrated value; Tooling to 100%
  • Zero thickness
  • Deposit approximately 1000 to 5000 A of material on the substrate.
  • Use a profilometer or interferometer to measure the actual substrate film thickness.
  • Adjust the Z Factor of the instrument until the correct thickness reading is shown.

Another alternative is to change crystals frequently and ignore the error. The graph below shows the % Error in Rate/Thickness from using the wrong Z Factor. For a crystal with 90% life, the error is negligible for even large errors in the programmed versus actual Z Factor.


Material Notes

NOTE: Ferromagnetic materials require additional consideration when selecting configuration/ thickness. High strength magnets or thinner targets may be required. Bonding these materials creates additional concerns due to the increase in distance from the magnets. Contact your magnetron sputter cathode supplier or reference your equipment manual for additional information.

SDS
Click here for the Nickel SDS.
Request A Quote
Can't find the size or material you need? Please use our Materials Quotation Form to request.
Deposition Materials FAQ
Click here for answers to some of the most common questions we get asked.
Contact Us
To speak with someone directly, please call 1-412-387-9200 or email international@lesker.com.

Ordering Table

Material Size Purity Compatible Guns Part # Price Add To
Cart
Material Size Purity Compatible Guns Part # Price Add To
Cart
Nickel 1.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX401A1 $88.00
Nickel 1.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX301A2 $83.00
Nickel 1.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX401A2 $134.00
Nickel 1.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX451A2 $110.00
Nickel 1.50" Dia x 0.0625" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX1.5A1 P.O.R.
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX302A1 $88.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX402A1 $128.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.08" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNI402.080 P.O.R.
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX302A2 $88.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX402A2 $138.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX452A2 $167.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX302A4 $140.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX402A4 $160.00
Nickel 2.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX452A4 $175.00
Nickel 2.00" Dia x 0.079" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX402A+ P.O.R.
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.0625" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX453A1 P.O.R.
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX303A1 $115.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX403A1 $127.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX303A2 $125.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX403A2 $150.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX453A2 $176.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX303A4 $135.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX403A4 $212.00
Nickel 3.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX453A4 $200.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX304A1 P.O.R.
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.063" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX404A1 $150.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX304A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX404A2 $160.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX454A2 $270.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX304A4 $235.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX404A4 $245.00
Nickel 4.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX454A4 $315.00
Nickel 5.00" Dia x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX405A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX306A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX406A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX456A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX306A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX406A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 6.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX456A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX308A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX408A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.125" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX458A2 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.9% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX308A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.99% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX408A4 P.O.R.
Nickel 8.0" Dia. x 0.250" Thick 99.995% All Standard Guns EJTNIXX458A4 P.O.R.

 

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